How It Works
Fulcrum has developed an innovative process that transforms municipal solid waste (MSW) that would otherwise be sent to a landfill into low-cost, low-carbon renewable transportation fuels while generating well-paying jobs.
Importantly, Fulcrum’s process uses fully licensed technologies that are commercially proven and have been used around the world for decades in other applications. Fulcrum’s first commercial facility near Reno, NV - Fulcrum Sierra BioFuels - is in the process of starting operations and will be fully operational before construction begins on Centerpoint.
The Fulcrum Process includes four key stages:
Divert municipal solid waste from landfills
We partner with waste companies, who deliver local household garbage to our feedstock processing facilities (outside of Gary, in Indiana and Illinois) instead of putting it into landfills.
Sort, separate and process
At our two feedstock processing facilities outside of Gary, we sort, separate and process MSW to remove recyclable products and other unsuitable materials. Our feedstock is non-hazardous and consists of paper, cardboard, timber, textiles, soft plastic and organic material.
The prepared feedstock is trucked to the Biorefinery where it is temporarily stored in enclosed feedstock storage buildings before entering the gasification process, which “breaks down” the feedstock into a synthesis gas (syngas). The syngas then enters the Fischer-Tropsch process, where it reacts with a proprietary catalyst to form a crude oil substitute (syncrude).
Fulcrum’s process does not involve any combustion or incineration of feedstock.The gasification process, in contrast to incineration, is a closed-loop process where the material is disintegrated (rather than combusted) and where there is no release of toxic chemicals into the atmosphere.
REFINE AND TRANSPORT
The syncrude is then refined into sustainable aviation fuel that is free of sulfur, particulate matter and other contaminants, while also reducing greenhouse gas emissions by more than 80% compared to traditional petroleum based jet fuel.
Fulcrum Fuel™ produced at the Centerpoint Biorefinery will be temporarily stored in product storage tanks, before being loaded into rail tank cars and transported via rail to our customers.